Egyptian Gods Family Tree 

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Ra (Re) was considered self-created and the creator of all, the first on the Egyptian Gods Family Tree. He is the father of Tefnut and Shu. Ra has been known by many names and takes many different forms. This makes him one of the most confusing gods to understand.

At sunrise he is Khepera, represented by the sacred scarab. Around noon, when the sun is at its full power, he is Ra. At sunset, when the sun is said to be weak and growing old, he is Tem or Temu.

He travels across the sky with the sun upon his head in two boats. The boat used in the morning is called Matet, which means becoming stronger. From midday on he travels in the Semktet (growing weak) boat. When he has set, he begins his journey into the underworld or the Duat/Tuat. Here he encounters many dangers and foes.

Chief among them is a creature called Apep. He usually wins his battles with Apep and is then born anew as Khepera. On a number of occasions Ra has been merged with other solar deity. For example, one of the oldest sun gods was Horus (Heru), not be confused with Horus, son of Osiris.

When these two gods merged they/he was called Ra-Harakhty, meaning Horus of the Horizon. In later times Ra was merged with the Theban god Amen, to become Amen-Ra.

Egyptian Gods Family Tree

 

Shu (Su) : was the god of dry air, wind and the atmosphere. He was also related to the sun, possibly as an aspect of sunlight. Shu is the only son of Ra. Shu was the husband of his twin, the goddess Tefnut. The first marriage on the Egyptian Gods Family Tree.

Tefnut : The Egyptian Goddess, Tefnut, was seen as the Goddess of Rain. Tefnut was one of the Ennead, the collective name given to the nine original deities (Egyptian Gods Family Tree) of the cosmogony of Heliopolis (the birthplace of the Gods) in the creation myths and legends.

With her twin brother Shu, the God of Air, and their offspring (the Earth God, Geb and the Sky Goddess, Nut) the four made up the quartet of major elements: earth, air, sky and water.

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Geb : was depicted as a bearded man with a goose on his head. He was the provider of crops and a healer. It was feared that because Geb was an Earth god, he might imprison the dead, preventing others from having another life in the afterworld.

In Egyptian legend, Geb married his sister Nut, the sky goddess, without the permission of the powerful Sun God Ra. Ra was so angry at Nut and Geb that he forced their father Shu, the god of air, to separate them. That is why the Earth is divided from the sky.

Nut : To the ancient Egyptians Nut (Nuit) was the personification of the sky (originally she was a goddess of just the sky at day, where the clouds formed) and the heavens. She was believed to be the daughter of the gods Shu and Tefnut, the granddaughter of the sun god Ra.

Her husband was also her brother, Geb. Some others believe Ra was infatuated with Nut, creating more drama in this Egyptian Gods Family Tree.

Four children came from Geb and his sister Nut which grows the Egyptian Gods Family Tree.

Osiris : Osiris plays a key role and is a central figure in the ancient Egyptian mysteries and in the Order Of The Morning Star. It was Osiris who was the beloved pharaoh of Egypt.

Osiris is the husband of Isis. In that after thousands of years all female goddesses became merged as an aspect of Isis, she too is central to Egyptian symbolism. Most scholars know of the tragic story of the death of Osiris. He was murdered by his evil brother Set (Seth).

Isis : Isis means the queen, in Egyptian. Osiris was killed by his enemy, the god Set, and torn apart, and his body was scattered all over Egypt. Isis mourned for her husband/brother, and traveled all over Egypt finding the pieces of his body.

Then she put them back together again into Osiris, and brought him to life again. They then made their child, the god Horus. When Horus grew up, he fought Set with his mother's magic spells.

Set or Seth : was one of ancient Egypt's earliest gods, a god of chaos, confusion, storms, wind, the desert and foreign lands. In the Osiris legends, he was a contender to the throne of Osiris and rival to Horus, but a companion to the Sun God Ra.

Nephthys : Nephthys was the lady of heaven, mother of Anubis, wife of Set, daughter of Geb and Nut.

 

Horus : According to the story of Isis and Osiris, Horus was conceived by Isis from the resurrected soul of her husband Osiris and brought up to avenge his father's murder.

When he had accomplished this revenge he became King of Egypt. The ultimate figure in the Egyptian Gods Family Tree. In his honor, every successive king was seen as the embodiment of Horus and was seated on a throne guarded by the falcon's outspread wings. For centuries the Egyptians revered him as a divine bird, the supreme master of the sky.

 

Books of Egyptian Gods

 The Complete Gods and Goddesses of Ancient Egypt

 Egyptian Gods Family Tree: Isis in the Ancient World

 Conceptions of God in Ancient Egypt: The One and the Many

 Legends of the Egyptian Gods: Hieroglyphic Texts and Translations

 Gods and Myths of Ancient Egypt

 

Handmade Egyptian Paintings

     

       

       

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